We use necessary cookies to make our website work and are installed automatically. They enable security, accessibility and network management. As we want to improve your experience with our website, we would like to set functional, analytical and social media cookies which measure how you use our site and enable more personalized content, and provide social media features. Therefore we share information about your use of our website with our partners. They may combine this information with other data that you have provided to them or that they have collected as part of your use of the services. Some of our partner services are located in the USA, which is regarded by the European Court of Justice as a country without an adequate level of data protection. There is a possibility and risk that your personal data will be processed by US authorities for control and surveillance, leaving you without effective remedies against it. With you clicking on "Accept all cookies", you agree that cookies on our website can be used by us as well as third party providers (also in the USA) and that data can be transferred (Art 49. GDPR) unless other suitable guarantees are exceptionally not available. Your consent is voluntary and can be revoked at any time. You can configure cookies under settings.

Detailed information can be found in our Privacy Statement – Cookies.


We use necessary cookies to make our website work: for security, accessibility and network management. They are installed automatically. For this purpose we do not need your consent as these cookies do not process personal data. You have the possibility to change your cookie settings in your browser at any time, but the website might then not work properly.


Functional cookies allow us to improve website performance and customization based on your choices that you make on the website. They are set by us or by our contractual partners who provide their services on our websites with our permission (e.g. website satisfaction survey service). If you do not accept these cookies, some or all of the website's features may not work.


We use Google analytics to helps us understand how you use our website. It helps us to make decisions about general improvements to the functionality and content of the website. The cookies collect information in a way that does not directly identify you.

Social Media Cookies

These cookies are set by a number of social network providers that we have added to our website. These cookies enable you to share content with your friends and networks. When you “surf the internet” these cookies track your browser and build a profile of your interests. In doing so, they influence the content and messages you see on the websites you visit. If you refuse the use of these cookies, content sharing tools may not be available to you.

The Lipizzaner breeding: national, intangible cultural heritage

With the Lipizzaner breeding in Piber, we not only ensure the continued existence of the Lipizzaner stallions of the Spanish Riding School, but also contribute to the preservation of the oldest cultural horse breed in Europe. In 2016, the knowledge regarding this responsible task was finally declared a national, intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO. 

Today's Lipizzaner breeding at the stud in Piber goes back to the six stallion lines and 17 classic mare families of the Lipizzaners that already existed in the 18th century.

At that time, the "Lipizzaners" were still motley: bay, chestnut, dun, isabelle, plate, tiger pinto or black - but not a single one was white at that time. The white colour, the mould colour, only became established towards the end of the 18th century / in the 19th century and has remained until today. This colour was preferred for breeding reasons of taste. In addition, the white hair of the Arabian has proven to be dominant hereditarily, so that today only in very rare cases the dark (mainly brown) coat is preserved. However, it is part of the tradition of the Spanish Riding School Vienna that there is always at least one brown Lipizzaner in the stables of the riding school. They are considered lucky charms.

Lipizzaners are characterised by a perfect, nobly formed physique, graceful movements, eagerness to learn, liveliness, good nature, courage, hardness and endurance. The well-shaped head of the Lipizzaner can sometimes have a ram nose. The neck is set a little higher and is carried nobly. The strong, muscular back ends in a very strong croup. The appearance corresponds to that of the baroque show and parade horse, although the frame is more like a rectangle. The well set tail is dense and of fine hair. The limbs dry and profiled, have clean hocks and beautifully formed hooves.

The lines of stallions

There are 8 stallion lines worldwide. We in Piber breet with 6 lines:

Pluto (white horse), born 1765
of pure Spanisch ancestry,
from the royal Danish court stud farm Frederiksborg

Conversano (black), born 1767
original Neapolitano

Neapolitano (brown), born 1790
Neapolitano from Polesina

Favory (dun), born 1779
from the court stud farm in Kladrub

Maestoso (white horse), born 1773
from the court stud farm in Kladrub

Siglavy (white horse), born 1810
original Arabic horse, imported from Syria 
by Prince Schwarzenberg

The stud families

The Lipizzaner Stud Piber breeds with all 17 classical mare families. This makes the Lipizzaner Stud Piber the only stud in the world that holds mares from all classic Lipizzaner mare families. The ancestral dams of these mare families were born in the 18th century and formed the basis of the imperial stud. Their descendants can be traced back seamlessly to the respective family founder.

Sardinia Sardinia. Lipizza 1776

Spadiglia Spadiglia, Lipizza 1778

Argentina Argentina, Lipizza 1767

Africa Africa, Kladrub 1747

Almerina Almerina, Kladrub 1769

Presciana - Bradamente Presc./Bradm., Kladrub 1782/1777

Englanderia Englanderia, Kladrub 1773

Europa Europa, Kladrub 1774

Stornella - Fistula Fistula, Koptschan 1771

Ivanka - Famosa Ivanka, Koptschan 1754

Deflorata Deflorata, Fredriksborg 1767

Capriola Capriola, Kladrub 1785

Rava Rava, Kladrub 1755

Gidrane Gidrane, 1841

Djebrin Generale Junior, Babolna 1824

Mercurio Freies Gestüt, Radautz 1806

Theodorosta Theodorosta, Bukovina 1870

The characteristics of a Lipizzaner


153 to 158 cm


noble, with a classy expression and rectangular to square frame


light ram's head or slightly arabicised head with convex nose line, strong cheek pouches and large, black eyes


medium height, athletic, elegant

Body type

muscular hindquarters, sloping pasterns, medium length and strong back


graceful, bouncy gait, high knee action


more than 90% are white horses


persistent, undemanding, temperamental, tough, highly sensitive, intelligent, people-oriented, sociable, good-natured, obedient, docile and willing to perform


Late maturing, above average longevity, suitable for breeding and work under saddle until old age